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Periodontitis Cause and Symptoms

Periodontitis comes in stages beginning with inflammation of the gums known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene over an extended period leading to the growth of bacteria and consequently plaque on your teeth. Plaque can easily be removed by flossing or brushing your teeth but if allowed to build up will lead to gingivitis, causing inflammation and bleeding of the gums.

Bacteria is present in all our mouths, it’s natural and even healthy. However, bacteria can often mix with other substances which can be harmful to your oral health, hence it’s important to floss at least once a day to prevent plaque. When Gingivitis sets in, it’s advisable to see your dentist in West Hollywood as soon as possible because the plaque and tartar when hardened, may be difficult to remove through flossing. Untreated cases of gingivitis leads to periodontitis which is a far more critical oral condition.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Once your oral disease is past gingivitis, then the stages of periodontitis begin. In the early stages, your gums stay inflamed and recede from your teeth, forming small pockets and holes between the gum and teeth. You will also likely experience pain and bleeding during flossing, as well as painful chewing.

If untreated during the early stages, the condition worsens over time and your teeth begin to lose bone structure support and will become loose. The symptoms from the earlier stages will remain and inflammation may occur in other parts of the body like the lips and fingers.

In the final stage of periodontitis, the tissue that holds your teeth and your gum together fully deteriorates. The gums and teeth lose their structure, and your teeth will begin to fall out. You may also experience bad breath as well as severe pain around the mouth and jaw regions.At this advanced stage, treatment will likely require flap surgery or bone and tissue grafting.

Factors that Increase the risk of periodontitis

While bad oral hygiene is the primary cause ofthis disease, some other factors may play a contributing role in increasing your likelihood of contracting it. They include:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause,etc.)
  • Genetics
  • Immunodeficiency disorders
  • Diabetes

If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms don’t hesitate to contact your dentist in West Hollywood at your earliest convenience. Dr. Farahmand, DMD of OF Dental Care has been offering high-quality aesthetic, general, and cosmetic dentistry since 2002, and is a highly trusted and reputable dentist in West Hollywood. For further information or to schedule a consultation please contact OF Dental Care at 310.273.3650 or visit to learn more.

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